SAYAW: Filipino Dances
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Mindanao Region



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SINGKIL

	SINGKIL, a dance originating from Lanao del Sur,Mindanao 
is said to be a dance of Muslim royalty.To the rhythmic clapping 
of bamboo poles,the dancers weave expertly through crisscrossed 
bamboos,the ladies dressed in elegant Muslim costumes waving 
great big fans,the men flipping brightly colored handkerchiefts 
right and left.The dancers wearing solemn faces and maintaining 
a dignified pose begin dancing at a slow pace which soon progresses 
to a faster tempo.The clashing bamboos and the whirling dancers 
form an unforgettable kaleidoscope of color and sound that is 
fascinating to the beholder.

	Legend has it that Singkil originated from the day the 
diwatas (some from of nymph or fairy) played a joke on Princes 
Gandingan as she was taking a walk in the woods.The diwatas 
caused an earthquake that made the trees tremble and the rocks 
to roll and knock against each other nothing daunted, Princes 
Gandingan skipped nimbly from place to place and no tree or 
rock ever touched her tiny feet.

	There are many versions of Singkil. When performed by 
ladies of the royalty of Lanao,the dancer is usually accompanied 
by a waiting lady,who holds a beautifully decorated umbrella 
over the Princess' head wherever she goes. On the other hand 
when the dance is performed by natives,not of royal blood, 
the dancers, a boy and girl have no attendants.

	The dance is usually performed by girls only.
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	EQUIPMENT. Four bamboo poles or light wooden poles, 
		   three yards long and about two inches in 
		   diameter; two pieces of board about oen 
		   and a half feet long and two inches thick 
		   where the poles are laid.

	COSTUME. Dancers are dressed in typical Maranaw costume. 
		 The girl holds an open fan in each hand and the 
	 	 boy holds a brightly colored piece of cloth or 
		 handkerchief in each hand by a corner s that he 
		 can easily wave it or snap it back and forth.

	MUSIC. No musical accompaniment is necessary. The clapping 
	       of the bamboo poles furnishes the rhythm. It is in 
	       4/4 time.

	COUNT. One, two, three, and, (silent four), and or one, 
	       and, two, and, three, and, (silent four), and or 
	       one, two, three, four to a measure.

	NOTE: To make instruction clearer and easier to understand 
numbers and letters are used in designated areas. 
 
	FORMATION. The bamboo poles are arranged in cross formation. 
		   Poles on areas 1, 3, 5 are on top of poles on 
		   areas 4, 5, 2. The ends of the under poles rest 
		   on the boards. The four boys and girls who clap 
		   the bamboos are seated on the floor holding the 
		   ends of two bamboo poles.

	Boy stands at left side of bamboo on area C and girl stands 
or left side of bamboo on area A. Dancers face each other.
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	STEP USED -- SINGKIL STEP 

	(a) Step R foot inside between bamboo poles (ct. 1), step 
	    L foot close to R (ct. 2), step R foot outside the 
	    right bamboo poles (ct. 3), tap L close to R foot 
	    (ct. 4)...........................................1  M

	(b) Step L foot inside between bamboo poles (ct. 1), step 
	    R foot close to L (ct. 2), step L foot outside the 
	    left bamboo pole (ct. 3), tap R close to L foot (ct. 
	    4).................................................1 M
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BAMBOO RHYTHM I

	Strike bamboos that are under against the board a foot 
or a little bit more apart (ct. 1), repeat same two more times 
(cts. 2, 3), immediately raise the bamboos a few inches high and 
strike them together against each other (ct. and), pause in same 
position (ct. 4) strike them together again while still up (ct. 
and)..........................................................1 M

	The bamboo poles on top are struck in the same manner 
simultaneously with the bamboo poles under.
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BAMBOO RHYTHM II
	Strike bamboo poles that are under against board a foot 
or a little bit apart (ct. 1), repeat same four  more times (cts. 
and, 2, and, 3), immediately raise bamboo poles a few inches high 
and strike them together against each oher (ct. and), pause in 
same position (ct. 4), strike them together again while still 
up (ct. and).................................................1 M

	NOTE: Throughout the dance the Girl holds an open fan 
in each hand and Boy holds one corner of a kerchief or piece 
of cloth in each hand.
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				Introduction

	Girl stands sideways at area A facing toward area B, Boy 
stands sideways at area C facing toward area D.

	(a) Step R foot forward inside between bamboo poles, 
	    foot in perpendicular position (ct. 1), step L close 
	    to R foot (ct. 2), step R backward outside left 
	    bamboo pole (ct. 3), step L backward close to R foot 
	    (ct. 4). Girl places hands on waist, knuckles in fans 
	    pointing outward. Boy places hands on waist, knuckles 
	    in, kerchiefs hanging down......................1 M

	(b) Repeat (a), three more times....................3 M
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I.
SINGKIL STEP

Bamboo Rhythm I

	Partners face each other. Girl in area A and Boy in area C.
	(a) Do singkil step, starting with R foot (I M), repeat 
	    with L foot (1 M)...............................2 M

	(b) Repeat (a), seven more times. Finish in proper 
	    places.........................................14 M 
	Hand movements:

	Girl
	L hand down at side, R arm bent upward at shoulder level 
doing a horizontal figure of eight (       ) in this manner: loop 
inward (ct. 1), loop outward (ct. 2), bring fan inward with a half 
loop only (ct. 3), bring fan close to chest in vertical position, 
knuckles of R hand in front of waist (ct. 4). Repeat and L alternately 
for sixteen measures.

	Boy 
	L hand down at side. R arm bent upward R hand at shoulder 
level doing a horizontal figure of eight (         ) in this 
manner: loop inward  (ct. 1), inward  ( ct. 2), outward  (ct. 
3) flip kerchief over R shoulder (ct. 4). Repeat same with L 
hand, R hand down at side (cts. 1, 2, 3, 4). Do this hand 
movement, R and L alternately for sixteen measures.
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II
SINGKIL STEP AND TURNING ABOUT

Bamboo Rhythm I,

Same position as in figure I.

	(a) Step R foot inside between bamboo poles (ct. 1), 
	    step L close to R foot (ct. 2), turn right and 
	    at the same time step R outside the right bamboo 
	    pole (ct. 3), step L close to R foot (ct. 4)...1 M

	(b) Repeat (a) fifteen more times, turning about outside 
	    left and right bamboo     poles alternately...15 M
	Hand movements:

	Girl 
	Arms sideward at shoulder level, both hands doing a 
horizontal figure of eight, looping toward front (ct. 1), 
toward rear (ct. 2), repeat (cts. 3, 4). Do this movement 
for sixteen measures.

	Boy
	Hold kerchiefs in front at chest level. Open hands 
sideward (ct. 1), cross hands in front of chest with R over L 
hand (ct. 2), open hands again (ct. 3), flip kerchiefs upward 
(ct. 4) perform this movement for sixteen measures.
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III
COUNTERCLOCKWISE AND CLOCKWISE

Bamboo Rhythm I.
	Same position as in figure I.
	(a) Step R foot inside between poles (ct. 1), step L 
	    close to R foot (ct. 2), face counterclockwise 
	    toward the next area and step R foot outside on 
	    area B for Girl and on area D for B (ct. 3), step 
	    L close to R foot or nearer next bamboo poles 
	    (ct. 4)........................................1 M

	(b) Face in so that partners face each other gain. Repeat 
	    cts. 1, 2 movements in (a), Girl in area 3 and Boy 
	    in area 1 (cts. 1, 2), move counterclockwise again 
	    and repeat cts.3, 4 movements as in (a), Girl in 
	    area C and Boy in area A.......................1 M    

	(c) Partners repeat (a), Girl steps to areas 4 and D 
	    while Boy steps to areas 3 and C (1 M). Do not put 
	    weight on L foot on ct. 4 of fourth measure....2 M

	(d) Repeat all (a-c). reverse position moving clockwise 
	    and starting with L foot. Do not put weight on R foot 
	    on ct. 4 of the eight measure..................4 M
	Hands movements:
	
	Girl
	Arms in lateral position sideward right, make a continuous 
figure of eight as in figure II (cts. 1, 2, 3, 4). Do this movement 
for eight measures, arms in lateral position, right and left side 
alternately.

	Boy
	Hold hands in front at chest level. Flip R kerchief 
upward and flip L kerchief downward (cts. 1, 2), reverse position 
of hands (cts. 3, 4). Do this movement for eight measures, 
reversing position of hands every two counts.
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IV
RIGHT FOOT ACROSS IN REAR IN FRONT

Bamboo Rhythm I.
	Same position as in figure I.
	(a) Step R foot inside between bamboo poles (ct. 1), 
	    step L close to R (ct. 2), step R foot outside 
	    of right bamboo poles (ct. 3), step L close to 
	    R foot (ct. 4).................................1 M

	(b) Step R foot inside between bamboo poles across L 
	    foot in rear (ct. 1), step L close to R foot (ct. 2), 
	    step R foot outside of left bamboo pole across L in 
	    front (ct. 3), step L close to R foot (ct. 4)..1 M

	(c) Repeat (a) and (b), seven more times..........14 M  
	Hand movements:

	Girl
	Raise R hand obliquely right upward put L hand obliquely 
left downward. In this position make a continuous figure of eight
with both hands (cts. 1, 2, 3, 4). Reverse position of arms at 
every four counts. Perform this movement for sixteen measures.

	Boy
	Hold kerchief in front at chest level. Open hands sideward 
(ct. 1), cross hands in front of chest with R over L hand (ct. 2), 
open hands again (ct. 3), flip kerchiefs upward (ct. 4). Perform 
this movement for sixteen measures.
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V
BOY - DIAGONALLY AND OUT
GIRL - COUNTERCLOCKWISE AND CLOCKWISE

Bamboo Rhythm I
	Same position as in figure I.  Partners perform their 
movements simultaneously.

	Girl
	Face counterclockwise with L shoulder toward center.
	(a) Step R foot in perpendicular position in area 2 inside 
	    between bamboo poles (ct. 1), step L close to R foot 
	    (ct. 2), step R foot forward in area B (ct. 3) step L 
	    forward going near area 3 (ct. 4). Repeat same movements 
	    three more times moving counterclockwise to area 3 and 
	    C (1 M), to areas 1 and A (1 M)..................4 M

	(b) Turn right about. Repeat (a), moving clockwise. Retrace 
	    steps............................................4 M

	Boy
	(a) Starting place, area C. Step R foot diagonally forward 
	    to area 5 (ct. 1), step L close to R foot (ct. 2), face 
	    area B and step R diagonally backward to area D (ct. 3), 
	    step L close to R foot (ct. 4). Repeat same movements 
	    counterclockwise; diagonally forward to area 5, diagonally 
	    backward to area A (1 M); diagonally forward to area 5 and 
	    diagonally backward to area B (1 M); diagonally forward 
	    to area 5, diagonally backward to area C (1 M)...4 M

	(b) Repeat (a) reverse direction moving clockwise. Retrace 
	    steps............................................4 M 
	Hand movements:

	Girl 
	R arm sideward at shoulder level, making a continuous figure 
of eight; L hand on waist, knuckles in, fan pointing outward (cts. 
1, 2, 3, 4). Do this movement for eight measures, R and L arm sideward 
alternately.

	Boy
	Hands in front at chest level.

	Flip R kerchief upward and L kerchief downward (ct. 1), 
reverse the direction of flip (ct. 2) repeat same two more times 
(cts. 3, 4). Flip kerchiefs inward (ct. 1), flip outward (ct. 2) 
repeat same (cts. 3, 4). Perform these movements alternately for 
eight measures.
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INTERLUDE

Bamboo Rhythm I.
	Partners stay in their proper places facing audience. 
Perform any of the hand movements or dancers may improvise 
their own hand movements. Girl goes to area B at the eight 
measure....................................................8 M
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VI
CROSSING AT CENTER

Bamboo Rhythm II.
	Partners perform their movements alternately.

	Boy starts at area C, Girl starts at area B, both 
facing center.
	(a) Boy - Step R foot diagonally forward to area 5 
	    (ct. 1), step L close to R (ct. 2), step R 
	    diagonally forward to area A (ct. 3), step L 
	    close to R foot (ct. 4). Turn right about after 
	    ct. 4..........................................M 1

	(b) Girl - from area B, step R foot diagonally forward 
	    to area 5 (ct. 1), step L close to R (ct. 2), step 
	    R diagonally forward to area D (ct. 3), step L close 
	    R foot (ct. 4). Turn right about after ct. 4...M 2

	(c) Boy - Repeat (a), stepping into proper place, passing 
	    area 5 to area C. Turn right about after ct. 4.M 3

	(d) Girl - Repeat (b), stepping into proper place, passing 
	    area 5 to area C. Turn right about after ct. 4.M 4

	(e) Boy- Repeat (a)................................M 5

	(f) Girl - Repeat (b)..............................M 6

	(g) Boy - Repeat (c), transfer to D after ct. 4....M 7

	(h) Girl - Repeat (d), transfer to A after ct. 4...M 8

	(i) Boy - Repeat (a) stepping into area 5 and area B. 
	    Turn right about after ct.4....................M 9

	(j) Girl - Repeat (b) stepping into area b and area C. 
	    Turn right about after ct.4...................M 10

        (k) Boy - Repeat (a) stepping into area 5 and area D. 
	    Turn right about after ct.4...................M 11

	(l) Girl - Repeat (b) stepping into proper places, 
	    passing area 5 to area A. Turn right about after 
	    ct. 4.........................................M 12

	(m) Boy - Repeat (i)..............................M 13

	(n) Girl - Repeat (j).............................M 14

	(o) Boy - Repeat (k)..............................M 15

	(p) Girl - Repeat (l).............................M 16

	Hand movements:

	Girl
	Repeat hand movement as in figure I, but placing R and 
L alternately on waist with knuckles in on ct. 4 of every measure. 
Perform this hand movement for sixteen measures.

	Boy
	Repeat hand movement as in figure I, placing R and L 
alternately on waist with knuckles in on ct. 4 of every measure. 
Perform this hand movement for sixteen measures.
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VII
TURINING BETWEEN BAMBOO POLES

Bamboo rhythm II.
	Same position as in figure I.
	(a) Step R foot inside between bamboo poles at the 
	    same time making a half-turn right (ct. 1), step L 
	    close to R and at the same time making a half-turn 
	    right again (ct. 2), step R foot outside of right 
	    bamboo pole (ct. 3), tap L close to R foot (ct. 4)..1 M

	(b) Repeat (a), starting with L foot and making the 
	    half-turns to left..............................1 M

	(c) Repeat (a) and (b), three more times............6 M
	Hand movements:

	Girl
	Hold fans in front of chest in a vertical position, elbows 
close to waist, forearms parallel with each other. Wave R fan outward 
(ct. 1), wave L fan outward (ct. 2), wave both fans inward (ct. 3) 
pause (ct. 4). Do these hand movements L and R alternately, every 
four counts for eight measures.   

	Boy
	Hold hands in front of chest, elbows close to waist. Flip 
R kerchief upward (ct. 1), flip L kerchief upward (ct. 2), flip both 
kerchiefs downward (ct. 3), pause (ct. 4). Flip R kerchief downward 
(ct. 1), flip L kerchief downward (ct. 2), flip both kerchiefs over 
shoulders (ct. 3), pause (ct. 4). Do this hand movements alternately, 
every four counts for eight measures.
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FINALE

Bamboo Rhythm I in slow tempo and softly.
	Both dancers assume a striking pose, facing audience or 
each other.............................................2 or 4 M 
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Mindanao Dance

Daling-daling

Kandingan

Mag-Asik

Sua-Sua

Singkil

Sounds:
Costumes:
      


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