SAYAW: Filipino Dances
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Basic Folk Dancing Steps
















FUNDAMENTAL DANCE STEPS


A-G    |    H-P    |    Q-S    |    T-Z    |   

	The dance steps listed below are the fundamental or basic 
steps most commonly used in Philippine folk dances. In some cases 
the names of the steps are the same as those found in foreign dances, 
but the manner of execution is entirely different. Some dance steps 
have no English equivalent names, so the native names are retained, 
such as "Kuradang", "Bacui", "Espunti", "Papuri", etc.

	The steps are described as they are executed by our people.

SCHOTTISCHE (NATIVE CHOTIS)

Music 4/4 time. Counts 1, 2, 3, 4.

	Brush or slide R (L) obliquely forward or sideward 
(ct. 1), raise R (L) in fifth in front or rear (ct. 2), brush 
or slide R (L) again as in count 1 (ct. 3), raise up as in 
count 2 (ct. 4). Take three steps in place turning right (left) 
about (cts. 1, 2, 3), pause (ct. 4).

	The turn may be a complete or half turn around either 
to right or left.
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SLIDE STEP

	The same as Glide Step.
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SKIP STEP

Music: 2/4 time. Counts 1, 2.
	
	The movements are the same as in step-hop. The only 
difference is that it is done in one count only, so that there 
are two skip steps in a measure of 2/4 time. This is executed 
in any direction.	
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SPANISH DRAW

Music: ¾ time. Counts 1, 2, 3.

	Step R (L) foot in second or in fourth in rear (ct. 1), 
draw or glide the L (R) foot slowly to R (L) in third in rear 
raising up the heels (ct. 2), and lower heels (ct. 3).
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STEP-BRUSH-SWING-HOP

Music: ¾ time. Counts 1, 2, 3.
	
	Step R (L) foot in fourth in front (ct. 1), brush L (R) 
foot against the floor and raise it across the R (L) in front 
(ct. 2), hop on the R (L) (ct. 3). This may be executed in any 
direction.
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STEP-HOP

Music: 2/4 time. Counts 1, 2.
	
	(1) Step L (R) foot in fourth in front (ct. 2), hop on 
	    the same foot and raise the R (L) foot in front or 
	    in rear (ct. 2). This may be executed in any direction.
Music: ¾ time. Counts 1, 2, 3.

	(2) Step L (R) foot in fourth in front (cts, 1, 2), hop on 
	    the same foot, and raise the R (L) foot in front or in 
	    rear (ct. 3). This may be executed in any direction.
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STEP-SWING

Music: 2/4 time. Counts 1, 2.

	(1) Step R (L) foot in second position (ct. 1), raise and 
	    swing the L (R) foot in fourth in front or across the 
	    R (L) in front (ct. 2). The toes of the raised foot 
	    are pointed downward and the knee is straight or slightly 
	    bent. This is done in any direction.
Music: ¾ time. Counts 1, 2, 3.

	(2) The movements are the same as above, but take two 
	    counts for stepping and one count for raising.
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STEP-SWING-HOP

Music: ¾ time. Counts 1, 2, 3.

	Step R (L) foot in fourth in front (ct. 1), raise the L (R) 
knee in front (ct. 2), hop on R (L) foot swing the L foot outward at 
the same time (ct. 3). This may be executed in any direction.
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SWING-BALANCE SERIES:

	A.(1) SWAY BALANCE WITH A POINT (2 M.).

	To Right:
	(a) Step R foot obliquely forward right (cts. 1, 2), step L 
	    across the R foot in front (ct. and), step R obliquely 
	    backward (ct. 3).
	(b) Point L foot in fourth position in front (cts. 1, 2, 3). 
  	    Hold arms in fourth position, R arm high. Execute a 
	    "Kumintang" with the right and left hands while pointing 
	    with the L foot on counts 1, 2, 3.

	To Left: 
	    Start with the L foot and reverse the arm positions.
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	(2) SWAY BALANCE WITH A BRUSH (2 M.).

	To right:
	(a) Repeat the same movements as in (a) above (cts. 1, 2, and,
	    3).
	(b) Brush L foot forward on the floor (ct. 1), let the L foot 
	    remain raised for counts 2, 3 (cts. 2, 3). Arms as above.

	To Left:
	    Start with the L foot and reverse the arm positions.
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	(3) SWAY BALANCE WITH A HOP (2 M.).

	To Right:
	(a) Repeat the same movements as in (a) above (cts. 1, 2, and, 
	    3).
	(b) Raise the L foot across the R in front (cts. 1, 2), hop on 
	    the R foot (ct. 3). Arms as above.

	To Left:
	    Start with the L foot and reverse the arm positions.
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	(4)SWAY BALANCE WITH A RAISE (2 M.).

	To Right:
	(a) Repeat the same movements as in (a) above (cts. 1, 2, and, 
	    3).
	(b) Raise the L knee in front with toes pointed downward. The 
	    body is slightly bent forward (ct. 1), and raise gradually 
	    upward to erect position (cts. 2, 3). The left arm is bent 
	    forward and is made to follow the movement of the body. The 
	    R arm is bent forward in level with the shoulder.

	To Left:
	    Start with the L foot and reverse the arm positions.

	Note: The Ilocano way has the body straight and the "kumintang" 
	      is done quicker on the last count only.
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	(5)DOUBLE SWAY-BALANCE STEPSfont face="Verdana">

	To Right:
	(a) Repeat the same movements as in sway balance with a point 
	    (a) and (b). Arms as above (2 M.).
	(b) Step L sideward across the R foot in front (cts. 1, 2), 
	    step R sideward in second position (ct. 3) (1 M.).
	(c) Point L foot in fourth in front (cts. 1, 2, 3) (1 M.). 
	    Girls holding their skirts, boys' hands at waist for the 
	    last two measures (b and c).

	To Left: 
	    Start with the L foot and reverse the arm positions.

	The sway-balance series may also be done in the following 
manner. This was found fitted to some Filipino folk music and easier 
for small children and beginners to perform.
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	B.(1) SWAY BALANCE WITH A POINT (2 M.)

	To Right:
	(a) Step R foot obliquely forward right (cts. 1, 2), step L 
	    across the R foot in front (ct. 3).
	(b) Step R obliquely backward (ct. 1), point L in fourth in 
	    front (cts. 2, 3). Execute a "kumintang" with the right 
	    and left hands while pointing with the L foot on counts 
	    1, 2, 3 of the second measure.

	To Left:
	    Start with the L foot and reverse the arm positions.
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	(2) SWAY BALANCE WITH A BRUSH (2 M.).

	To Right:
	(a) Repeat the same movements as in B (a) above (cts. 1, 2, 
	    3).
	(b) Step R obliquely backward (ct. 1), brush L foot forward 
	    (cts. 2, 3). Arms as above.
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	(3) SWAY BALANCE WITH A HOP (2 M.).

	To Right:
	(a) Repeat the same movements as in B (a) above (cts. 1, 2, 
	    3).
	(b) Step R obliquely backward (ct. 1), raise the L foot 
	    across the R in front (ct. 2), hop on the R foot 
	    (ct. 3). Arms as above.
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	(4) SWAY BALANCE WITH A RAISE (2 M.).

	To Right:
	(a) Repeat the same movements as in B (a) above (cts. 1, 2, 
	    3).
	(b) Step R obliquely backward (ct. 1), raise the L knee in 
	    front with toes pointed downward (cts. 2, 3). The body 
	    and arm movements are the same as above.
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	(5) DOUBLE SWAY-BALANCE STEPS (4 M.).

	To Right:
	(a) Repeat the same movements as in B (a) above (cts. 1, 2, 
	    3, 1, 2, 3).
	(b) Repeat the same movements as in A (b) and (c).

	To Left:
	    Start with the L foot and reverse the arm positions.
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Folk Dancing Steps
                                                                                                                                                                               
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