SAYAW: Filipino Dances
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Introduction to Folk Dancing

















DANCE TERMS COMMON TO FOLK DANCES



·BOW OR SALUDO 
	 Partners bow to each other to opposite dancers or to 
	 the audience. This term is of Spanish origin.

·BRUSH 
	Weight on one foot, swing the free foot in an arch, so 
	that the ball or heel strikes the floor at lowest point 
	of the arch. This may be done forward, sideward, or 
	backward.

·CLOCKWISE 
	Like the motion on the handle of the clock moving to the 
	left, when facing the center of an imaginary circle. Right 
	shoulder is toward the center when moving forward.

·COUNTER CLOCKWISE 
	The reverse direction of clockwise, the hands of the clock 
	moving to the right, when facing center of an imaginary 
	circle when moving forward.

·CUT 
	Quick change of weight from one foot to the other displacing 
	the supporting foot.

·DO-SI-DO or DOS-A-DOS 
	Two people walk toward each other, pass by the right shoulder 
	step sideward to the right and return to position walking 
	backward, passing left shoulder.

·DRAW 
	The free foot is drawn toward the foot, which supports the 
	body weight, by pressing the toes against the floor as the 
	close is made. With or without transfer of weight.

·FREE FOOT
	The foot not supporting the weight of the body.

·FREE HAND 
	The hand not doing anything.

·HOP 
	Spring on the supporting foot, and land on the same foot.

·INSIDE FOOT 
	The foot near one's partner when they stand side by side.

·INSIDE HAND 
	The hand near one's partner when they stand side by side.

·JUMP 
	Spring from one or two feet and land on both feet.

·LEAP 
	Spring on the supporting foot and land on the other foot.

·OUTSIDE FOOT 
	The foot away from one's partner when they stand side by side.

·OUTSIDE HAND 
	The hand away from one's partner when they stand side by side.

·OPPOSITE 
	The person standing in opposite position across the set.

·PARTNER 
	Girl to right of Boy and Boy to left of Girl.

·PLACE 
	To put the foot (flat) in any desired position without 
	putting weight on it.

·POINT 
	Touch toe or ball of free foot on floor and remains there 
	briefly.

·PIVOT 
	Turning on ball, heel, of one or both feet on a fixed place.

·SET 
	A unit formation of two or more couples.

·SLIDE 
	To glide one foot along the floor smoothly, with or no 
	transfer of weight.

·STAMP 
	To bring down one foot forcibly on the floor with or without 
	transfer of weight.

·STEP 
	With the weight on one foot, shift the weight into the other 
	foot.

·SUPPORTING FOOT 
	The foot carrying the weight of the body.

·TAP 
	Toe or ball of free foot is placed momentarily on floor and 
	lifted again immediately.
	
·TOUCH 
	See point.

·WHIRL 
	To turn fast by executing small steps in place to right or 
	left.
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DANCE TERMS WITH FOREIGN ORIGIN AND FILIPINO DANCE TERMS USED IN FILIPINO DANCES


  	
·ABRASETE  
	 This term is of Spanish origin. Girl at the right side of Boy, 
	 holds his R arm with her L hand, free hands down at the sides.

·BILAO   
	 Hands in front, parallel to each other at waist level, elbows 
	 close to the wist, palms down. Reverse the position of the hands 
	 with palms up and down alternatively.

·CABECERAS 
	 The couples (head pairs) occupying the width of the hall in a 
	 square formation. This is of Spanish origin.

·COSTADOS  
	 The couples (side pairs) occupying the length of the hall in a 
	 square formation. This is of Spanish origin.

·CROSS-OVER 
	 Two couples are opposite each other. Each couple proceeds to
	 opposite place, the Girls pass by their L shoulders between 
	 the Boys. Boys bow to each other when they meet at the middle, 
	 then follow the Girls to the opposite place. Partners turn right 
	 about upon reaching the opposite place. Girls stand at partners' 
	 right side.

·HAPAY 
	 To flourish or offer a handkerchief, a hat or a glass of wine. 
	 This is a Tagalog dance term.

·HAYON_HAYON 
	 This is a Visayan term meaning to place one forearm in front and 
	 the other behind the waist.

·JALEO 
	 Partners stand with R (L) elbows almost touching. Using walking 
	 or any kind of dance steps they turn once around clockwise 
	 (counter clockwise). This is a Tagalog term of Spanish origin.

·KUMINTANG 
	 Moving the hand from the wrist either clockwise or in counter 
	 clockwise direction. This is an Ilocano dance term.

·MASIWAK 
	 To turn the hand from the wrist half-way clockwise then raise and 
	 lower wrist once or twice. This is an Ibanag dance term.

·PANADYAK 
	 With body weight on L (R) foot, stamp R (L) foot in 4TH. In front, 
	 then tap same foot close to L (R), arms in reverse "T" position, 
	 hands doing the "kumintang" on the stamp.

·PATAY 
	 To bend the head down so that the forehead touches the R (L) 
	 forearm or the crook of the R (L) elbow while the L (R) hand 
	 supports lightly the palm of the R (L) hand. This is usually 
	 done with the L (R) foot pointing in rear and knees slightly 
         bent.  This is an Ilocano dance term.

·SALOK 
	 To scoop or swing the arm downward upward in front of the body, 
	 the trunk following the movement of the scooping arm. Free hand 
	 in 5th position or holding skirt.  This is a Tagalog term.

·SAROK 
	 Cross the R (L) foot in front of the L (R) foot, bend the body 
	 slightly forward and cross the hand down in front R (L) over 
         L (R). This is a Visayan term.	
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Folk Dancing Steps
                                                                                                                                                                                                
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