FUNDAMENTALS OF MOVEMENTS
There are two basic divisions of movement:
A. Locomotor Movement:
Movement through space as one goes from one place to another.
All forms of locomotion can be reduced to the following five basic
even rhythm steps:
a.WALK - a simple transfer of body weight from one foot to
the other, one foot is in contact with the floor
as the other foot swings forward. One walk is usually
performed to one beat, a quarter note.
b.RUN - the speed of the walk is increased, and there is a
brief moment when neither foot is in contact with
the floor. It is usually recorded as eighth note.
c.HOP - with the weight of the body on one foot spring on
that foot and land on the same foot.
d.LEAP - with the weight of the body on one foot spring on
that foot and land on the other foot.
e.JUMP - spring up into the air from one or two feet and land
on both feet.
f.SKIP - a combination of a skip and a hop, executed on the
same foot. Two skips are completed to one measure.
g.SLIDE - a slide and a close, shifting the weight on the close.
The slide is longer than the close. Two slides are
completed to a measure.
h.GALOP - a step and a cut with the same foot leading. Two galops
to one measure.
B. Non-locomotor Movement:
Axial movements occur in space but do not carry the body through
space from one place to another. They are restricted movements, which
originate from stationary base (standing, sitting, kneeling or lying)
and rotate about its own axis. The movement may take place in the whole
body or a part of the body. To twist, stretch, bend, raise, lower, swing,
strike, and push are examples of axial movements.